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제목 토마스 하디의 『귀향』: '결정론의 침식'과 '우연 길들이기'
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Lee, Bok-ki. “Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native: ‘Erosion of Determinism’ and ‘Taming Chance.’” Studies in English Language & Literature 48.1 (2022): 101-117. This paper aims to prove that Thomas Hardy expressed his idea of the relation between determinism and chance in The Return of the Native. Influenced by the contemporary science and philosophy, Hardy’s belief in determinism faded and he came to feel more explicitly the effect of chance in human history. He structures the novel with Egdon Heath symbolizing determinism and eternity in the beginning, and with a dice throwing game symbolizing pure chance in the middle. The relationship between the characters of the novel fluctuates within the sphere of the influence between the two axes. The human relation is always affected by chance and coincidence and the meaning of one’s action is distorted. The way to tame chance and keep one’s meaning is depicted as the major method of controlling the rule of chance. (Jeonbuk National University)

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