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제목 셸리의 자연관: 「서풍에 부치는 송시」에 나타난 필연성
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Lee, IlJae. “Shelley’s View of Nature: Necessity in ‘Ode to the West Wind’.” Studies in English Language & Literature 47.4 (2021): 171-187. Nature was regarded as pure matter by the development of natural science in Shelley‘s age. Thus Romantic poets could no longer look for the nature spirits on the farther side of appearances. Instead, they tried to look for them within themselves. So did Shelley. Shelley’s view on nature is well put in his idea of Necessity. The doctrine of Necessity primarily rests on the assumption that there is an undeniable relationship between two entities or one entity and its modes. Shelley adhered to his belief in Necessity from his first major poem, Queen Mab, to his last poem, The Triumph of Life. The idea emphasizes the poet’s freewill and responsibility for the community. It is ‘Ode to the West Wind’ that proposes this kind of Necessity strongly. This paper aims to study nature through the idea of Necessity in ‘Ode to the West Wind. In this poem, Shelley recognizes a poet’s responsibility for his society by reading ‘Destroyer and Preserver,’ the double properties of Necessity with his imagination. (Jeonbuk National University)

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