ISSN 1226-8682

대한영어영문학회 전자저널

대한영어영문학회 전자저널

대한영어영문학회

49권 3호 (2023년 8월)

Understanding of An Adjunct in L2 English Is Marked?

Eun Kyeong Lee

Pages : 125-145

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.21559/aellk.2023.49.3.007

PDF보기

리스트

Abstract

Lee, Eun Kyeong. “Understanding of An Adjunct in L2 English Is Marked?.” Studies in English Language & Literature 49.3 (2023): 125-145. This paper aims to shed light on examining the understanding of an marked adjunct among English L2 learners for Korean. In general, while unmarked concept is normal and straightforward, marked one is special and unique. From unmarked view, most of adjuncts are excluded in deciding traditional sentence patterns. However, marked view on adjuncts suggests that situational adjuncts are included in naming sentence patterns. It is anticipated that L2ers may face challenges in understanding marked adjuncts. Through the analysis of survey data, three key findings have emerged. First, L2ers have trouble telling sub-adjuncts from unsub-adjuncts. Second, a c-selected N and A represent relatively higher acquisition rate than an adjunct. Last, one-word Ad demonstrates higher understanding level than a lengthy PP. Based on mean values, the order is as follows: N > A > unsub-Ad > one-word Adv > all-Ad > PP > sub-Ad. And from SPSS, while N, A and sub-Ad indicate no difference, all-Ad, unsub-Ad, one-word Adv and PP show significant or moderate difference. Thus, the perception of marked adjuncts warrants further study. (Jeonju University)

Keywords

# English L2ers # marked # unmarked # sub(categorized)-ad(junct) # unsub(categorized)-ad(junct)

References

  • Borsley, R. Syntactic Theory: Routledge, 1999. Print.
  • Cho, Nam-ho. Five forms of English Predicates and Adjuncts. Studies In Linguistics 33, (2014): 419-446. Print.[조남호. 「영어 술어 5형식과 부사적 수식어」. 『언어학연구』 33권, 2014, pp. 419-446.]
  • Downing, A. and Locke, E. A University Course in English Grammar: London and New York, 52. 1992. Print.
  • Hasselgard, Hilde. Adjunct Adverbials in English: Cambridge University Press. 2009. Print.
  • Hornby, A. S. A Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1975. Print.
  • Huddleston and G. Pullum. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, New York: Cambridge University Press, (2002): 223-224. Print.
  • Jackendoff, R. The Architecture of the Language Faculty: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1977. Print.
  • Jang, Ho Hyuk. A Study on English Adjunct and Sentence Structure, Ph.D Dissertation, Kongju National University. 2021. Print. [장호혁, 『영어 부가사와 문형에 관한 연구』, 박사학위, 공주대학교. 2021.]
  • Lee, Eun Kyeong. Real or Fake Argument based on English Sentence Pattern, Studies in English Language & Literature 48.3 (2022): 131-150. Print.
  • Levin, B. English Verb Classes and Alternations: The University of Chicago Press, 109, 1993. Print.
  • Onions, C. T, An Advanced English Syntax, London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., LTD, 1904, pp. 6-27, Print.
  • Pinker, S, Gropen, J., Hollander, M., Goldberg, R., and Wilson, R. The Learnability and Acquisition of Dative Alternation in English, Language, 65.2 (1989): 203-195. Print.
  • Quirk, R., S. Greenbaum, G. Leech, and J. Svartvik. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman. 1985. Print.
  • Radford, A. Transformational Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1988): 120-122, 142. Print.