ISSN 1226-8682

대한영어영문학회 전자저널

대한영어영문학회 전자저널


47권 4호 (2021년 11월)

영어 폐쇄음 삽입

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Pages : 355-374





Lim, Jin-A & Yang, Seon Ki. “Stop Epenthesis in English.” Studies in English Language & Literature 47.4 (2021): 355-374. This study investigates stop epenthesis occurring in nasal-fricative sequences in English to shed light on dialectal differences between American English and British English, differences in duration between the underlying /t/ and the epenthetic [t], and correlation between duration of /t/ and perception of epenthetic stop. We discuss whether fricative voicing, tautosyllabicity of the /ns/ cluster, and the position of stress have an affect on stop epenthesis. This study conducted production and perception experiments. In a production experiment, five American speakers and two British English speakers produced real English words with /nts, ns, ndz, nz/ clusters. The results showed that stop epenthesis occurred more frequently in American English than in British English. The closure duration of the underlying /t/ was significantly longer than that of the epenthetic [t]. The stop [t] was more frequently epenthesized in the /ns/ cluster than in the /nz/ cluster. It was also more frequently inserted when /n/ and /s/ belong to the same syllable than when they are heterosyllabic. Stress had little affect on the duration of the epenthetic [t]. Subjects identified the epenthetic stop in a perception experiment where the closure duration of the epenthetic stops was manipulated with seven steps ranging from zero to 30ms. The results revealed that tautosyllabicity of the /ns/ cluster was the primary cue in perceiving the epenthetic [t] but voicing of fricatives and the position of stress did not have an affect on the perception of the epenthetic [t]. (Chonnam Nationa Univesity ․ Suncheon National University)


# stop epenthesis # nasal-fricative sequence # tautosyllable # heterosyllable # stop duration


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