ISSN 1226-8682

대한영어영문학회 전자저널

대한영어영문학회 전자저널

대한영어영문학회

47권 4호 (2021년 11월)

Over-characterized Constructions of Double Prefixal Verbs in Old English

박수진

Pages : 265-286

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.21559/aellk.2021.47.4.011

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리스트

Abstract

Park, Sujin. “Over-characterized Constructions of Double Prefixal Verbs in Old English.” Studies in English Language & Literature 47.4 (2021): 265-286. This study aims to look closely into the over-characterized double prefixal verbs with eight Prefix2s (aweg-, eft-, fore-, forð/þ-, fram-, of-, ūp-, ūt-) and with two Prefix1s (ā-, ge-) in Old English (OE). It is observed that semantic pleonasm is displayed in the double prefixal verbs when one of the eight Prefix2s denoting ‘Direction’ or ‘Movement’ is attached to the single prefixal verbs with one of the two Prefix1s that already hold the (same) semantic feature of ‘Direction’ or ‘Movement’. The phenomenon of OE prefix pleonasm is shown in the descriptive analysis of OE double prefixation by Kim (2013), where he views that the prefixes at the right position are meaningless and semantically faded by grammaticalization, while the prefixes at the left position maintain their (lexical) meanings. From the perspective of Construction Morphology (CxM) (Booij 2010), this article suggests that the pleonastic OE double prefixal verbs can be seen as special constructions with the phenomenon of overcharacterization, and that these over-characterized double prefixal verbs can be accounted for (and assumed to be made) by the morphological operation of schema imposition or unification (Booij 2005, 2010; Booij & Audring 2018). Different from Kim (2013), the present study argues that both the Prefix2s and Prefix1s bear the lexical and grammatical meanings, of which the meanings of the Prefix2s are expressed twice in the unified constructions of the double prefixal verbs in OE. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)

Keywords

# Old English prefixation # complex words # semantic pleonasm # overcharacterization # schema imposition

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