ISSN 1226-8682

대한영어영문학회 전자저널

대한영어영문학회 전자저널


47권 4호 (2021년 11월)

Over-characterized Constructions of Double Prefixal Verbs in Old English


Pages : 265-286





Park, Sujin. “Over-characterized Constructions of Double Prefixal Verbs in Old English.” Studies in English Language & Literature 47.4 (2021): 265-286. This study aims to look closely into the over-characterized double prefixal verbs with eight Prefix2s (aweg-, eft-, fore-, forð/þ-, fram-, of-, ūp-, ūt-) and with two Prefix1s (ā-, ge-) in Old English (OE). It is observed that semantic pleonasm is displayed in the double prefixal verbs when one of the eight Prefix2s denoting ‘Direction’ or ‘Movement’ is attached to the single prefixal verbs with one of the two Prefix1s that already hold the (same) semantic feature of ‘Direction’ or ‘Movement’. The phenomenon of OE prefix pleonasm is shown in the descriptive analysis of OE double prefixation by Kim (2013), where he views that the prefixes at the right position are meaningless and semantically faded by grammaticalization, while the prefixes at the left position maintain their (lexical) meanings. From the perspective of Construction Morphology (CxM) (Booij 2010), this article suggests that the pleonastic OE double prefixal verbs can be seen as special constructions with the phenomenon of overcharacterization, and that these over-characterized double prefixal verbs can be accounted for (and assumed to be made) by the morphological operation of schema imposition or unification (Booij 2005, 2010; Booij & Audring 2018). Different from Kim (2013), the present study argues that both the Prefix2s and Prefix1s bear the lexical and grammatical meanings, of which the meanings of the Prefix2s are expressed twice in the unified constructions of the double prefixal verbs in OE. (Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)


# Old English prefixation # complex words # semantic pleonasm # overcharacterization # schema imposition


  • Booij, Geert. The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology. Oxford University Press. 2005. Print.
  • ______. Construction Morphology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2010. Print.
  • ______. “The Role of Schemas in Construction Morphology.” Word Structure 12.3. (2019): 385-395. Print.
  • Booij, Geert and Jenny Audring. “Partial Motivation, Multiple Motivation: The Role of Output Schemas in Morphology.” The Construction of Words: Advances in Construction Morphology. Studies in Morphology 4. Ed. Geert Booij. Cham: Springer. 2018. 59-80. Print.
  • Bosworth, Joseph and Thomas N. Toller. Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. 2010. Online.
  • Gardani, Francesco. “Affix Pleonasm.” Word-formation: An International Handbook of the Languages of Europe. Volume 1. Eds. Peter Müller, Ingeborg Ohnheiser, Susan Olsen, and Franz Rainer. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. 2015. 537-550. Print.
  • Hall, J. R. Clark. A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan. 1916. Print.
  • Johnson, Mary Lynch. Dictionary. 2004. Online. (
  • Kastovsky, Dieter. “Semantics and Vocabulary.” The Cambridge History of the English Language: Volume 1 The Beginnings to 1066. Ed. Richard Hogg. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1992. 290-408. Print.
  • Kim, Yookang. “Semantic Conditions on Prefix Order in Old English.” English Language and Linguistics 19.2. (2013): 57-85. Print.
  • ______. Godae Yeongeo Pasaeng Jeopsa. Seoul: Hankook Publisher. 2020. Print.
  • Lehmann, Christian. “Pleonasm and hypercharacterization.” Yearbook of Morphology. Eds. Geert Booij and Jaap Van Marle. Dordrecht: Springer. 2005. 119-154. Print.
  • Quirk, Randolph and Charles Leslie Wrenn. An Old English Grammar. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press. 1994. Print.
  • Wright, Joseph and Elizabeth Mary Wright. Old English Grammar. London: Oxford University Press. 1908. Print.